Antonello Provenzale





Doctorate in Physics in 1987.

Director of the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa, National Research Council of Italy




IGG: Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, CNR, Pisa

email: ,



Research activities


Geosphere-Biosphere interactions and climate change impacts




I am interested in the two-way interactions between geosphere and biosphere, in how climate change affects ecosystems and in in the multiple ways living organisms affects planetary dynamics. Special attention is payed to the dynamics of the Critical Zone, the thin layer between the bottom of the surface aquifer and the top of vegetation canopy, the “living skin” of the planet which supports terrestrial life.


Specific activities concern the role of vegetation and soil water in determining water and carbon fluxes, the dynamics of the soil-vegetation-atmosphere-water systems in arid and semi-arid regions and in extreme environments (Alpine and Arctic tundra), the interaction between geomorphology and vegetation patterns, and the carbon cycle. These themes are addressed in the framework of several international initiatives, including LifeWatch ERIC and Critical Zone research.  I have recently contributed to the establishment of a new high-altitude Critical Zone Observatory at the Gran Paradiso National Park, Italy,, and a new Critical Zone Observatory in NyAlsund, Svalbard.


My approach includes measurements, data analysis and the use of implicit- and explicit-space approaches, the role of ecosystem engineers, and the use of a hierarchy of models with different complexity.




At the same, anthropogenic climate change is heavily affecting natural ecosystems and the water cycle. Along these lines, I am involved in data analysis and modelling of ecosystems, population dynamics, and ecosystem responses to climatic and environmental drivers, with special emphasis on protected areas. Many of these activities were included in the EU H2020 Project ECOPOTENTIAL: Improving Future Ecosystem Benefits through Earth Observations (2015-2019), I participate in the activities of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO), coordinating the GEO Global Ecosystem activities (GEO ECO), and in the activities of LifeWatch ERIC, coordinating the Italian PON IR project LifeWatchPlus.




Water scarcity and droughts are another possible impact of climate change, as well as possible modifications in wildfire intensity. My research activity currently focuses on empirical and process-based models for determining and predicting burned area and wildfire intensity in response to the changing climatic conditions. Many of these activities have been part of the “Project of strategic interest” NextData of the Italian Ministry of University, Education and Research (MIUR), Some of the activities on wildfires are conducted in the framework of the ERA-NET ERA4CS on Climate Services and the Italian PON project OT4CLIMA.







Fundamental processes in climate dynamics


I am working on understanding and modelling basic processes in climate dynamics, with special focus on fluid dynamical aspects, paleoclimate and exoplanetary climates, tackling the issues related to the conditions for planetary habitability and linking long-term dynamics of planetary climates to basic processes in planetary geology and biosphere activity.


To this goal, I use a variety of models from simple Energy Balance Models to Intermediate Complexity Models and analyze the outputs of Global Climate Models with the aim of elucidating some of the nonlinear dynamics and feedbacks of the complex climate system.



Planetary fluid dynamics, patterns and coherent structures


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In past years, I have studied turbulence and coherent vortices in rotating geophysical flows, and the effects they have on transport processes. Currently, I am interested in the basic fluid dynamical processes associated with rotating and/or penetrative convection, with applications to the atmosphere of gas giants and the ice-covered oceans of Ganymede and other satellites.


I am also working on pattern formation in geomorphological systems and geological fluids, including the dynamics of sand ripples and megaripples, the collapse of moraine dams, glacier dynamics and simplified fluid models of mantle convection.



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Dissemination and outreach


Parallel to research activities, I am involved in dissemination and outreach actions including writing popular science articles and books, contributing to public exhibitions and participating in the realization of scientific documentaries. A 15-min documentary on the population dynamics of the Black Grouse in the western Alps and a 10-min documentary on mountain ecosystems are available. Picture exhibitions with more than 100 images on biodiversity in alpine prairies in the western Alps, with about 50 images on high-altitude lakes and more than 100 images on mountain ecosystems are available for display. A large-format exhibit on the use of satellite products to assess the state and changes of ecosystems in European protected areas, displayed at the European Parliament and elsewhere, is also available. The volume Che cosa è il Global Warming? (in Italian), for mid-school students, was published in 2011. A photographic exhibit and volume, “Una montagna di vita – Ecosistemi d’alta quota” was realized in 2018 in the framework of the NextData project, and . I am part of the Associazione Centroscienza Onlus, for the development and dissemination of scientific culture.



Professional and teaching activities


1994-2008: Coordinator of the international school on Fundamental processes in geophysical fluid dynamics and the climate system held every summer in Valsavarenche (Val d Aosta),


Lecturer in Atmospheric Dynamics from 2002 to 2008, University of Genoa.

Lecturer in Physics of Climate from 2006 to 2009, University of Turin.

Lecturer in Physics of Extended Systems from 2009, University of Turin.

Lecturer in Meteo-Climatology from 2017, University of Pisa.


Member of the Doctorate Program in Physics at the University of Pisa.


Invited professor at the Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel (1996),

JILA-Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado, Boulder, MA, USA (1997),

GFD-WHOI principal lecturer, Woods Hole, MA, USA (1998, 2010),

Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, France (2006), Universite Paris VI (2008, 2009).


Golden Badge Award of the European Geophysical Society in 1997.


Coordinator of the GEO Global Ecosystem Initiative of the Group on Earth  Observations (GEO ECO).


Coordinator of the Project of Strategic Interest NextData, MIUR, 2012-2018,


Coordinator of the EU H2020 Project ECOPOTENTIAL, 2015-2019,


Coordinator of the PON IR LifeWatchPlus, MIUR, 2019-2024


Coordinator of the Working Group “Planets” of the European Astrobiology Institute (EAI)


Member of the Italian Glaciological Committee (CGI)


Member of the Italian Committee at the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)


Member of the Italian Society for Astrobiology (SIA)


Managing Editor for Geosciences of the “European Physical Journal Plus”





The great majority of my work is done in collaboration with students, colleagues and friends from many parts of the world. To all of them I am deeply grateful for contributing to make my scientific and personal life interesting and enjoyable.


My scientific vision and attitude was forged by what I learned from my friend and magister Edward A Spiegel (1931-2020), to whom I am and always will be grateful.



Publications (from 2000)


Books (from 2000)


A. Provenzale, E. Palazzi, K. Fraedrich, Editors, The Fluid Dynamics of Climate, CISM series (Springer, 2015).


J.B. Weiss, A. Provenzale, Editors, Transport and Mixing in Geophysical Flows, Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, Berlin, 2008)


N.J. Balmforth, A. Provenzale, Editors, Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, Berlin, 2001)




Scientific papers (from 2000):



G. Murante, A. Provenzale, G. Vladilo, G. Taffoni, L. Silva, E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, M. Maris, E. Londero, C. Knapic, S. Zorba, Climate bistability of Earth-like exoplanets, MNRAS 492, 2638–2650 (2020)


S. Marta, M. Brunetti, G.F. Ficetola, F. Stoch, G. Amori, D. Cesaroni, V. Sbordoni,  A. Provenzale, ClimCKmap, a spatially, temporally and climatically explicit distribution database for the Italian fauna, Scientific Data 6, 195, (2019)


A. Karnieli, N. Ohana-Levi, M. Silver, T. Paz-Kagan, N. Panov, D. Varghese, N. Chrysoulakis, A. Provenzale, Spatial and Seasonal Patterns in Vegetation Growth-Limiting Factors over Europe, Remote Sensing 11, 2406; doi:10.3390/rs11202406 (2019)


H. Yizhaq, G. Bel, S. Silvestro, T. Elperin, J.F. Kok, M. Cardinale, A. Provenzale, I.Katra, The origin of the transverse instability of aeolian megaripples, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 512, 59-70 (2019)


L. Novi, J. von Hardenberg, D.W. Hughes, A. Provenzale, E.A. Spiegel, Rapidly rotating Rayleigh-Bénard convection with a tilted axis, Physical Review E, 99, 053116 (2019)


S. Hoffmann, L. Steiner, A.H. Schweiger, A. Chiarucci, J. Benner, A. Provenzale, C. Beierkuhnlein, Data on alpine grassland diversity in Gran Paradiso National Park, Italy, Data in Brief, 24, 103942 (2019)


M. Turco, S. Herrera, E. Tourigny, E. Chuvieco, A. Provenzale, A comparison of remotely-sensed and inventory datasets for burned area in Mediterranean Europe, Int. J. Appl. Earth Obs. Geoinformation, 82, 101887 (2019)


C.A. Guerra et al. Finding the essential: improving conservation monitoring across scales, Global Ecology and Conservation, 18, e00601 (2019)


C. Cerrato, E. Rocchia, M. Brunetti, R. Bionda, B. Bassano, A. Provenzale, S. Bonelli, R. Viterbi, Butterfly distribution along altitudinal gradients: temporal changes over a short time period, Nature Conservation, 34, 91-118 (2019)


M. Turco, S. Jerez, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, A. AghaKouchak, M.C. Llasat, A. Provenzale, Skilful forecasting of global fire activity using seasonal climate predictions, Nature Communications, 9:2718, doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05250-0 (2018)


M. Turco, J.J. Rosa-Cánovas, J. Bedia, S. Jerez, J.P. Montávez, M.C. Llasat, A. Provenzale, Exacerbated fires in Mediterranean Europe due to anthropogenic warming projected with nonstationary climate-fire models, Nature Communications, 9, 3821, doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06358-z (2018)


S. Hoffmann, C. Beierkuhnlein, R. Field, A. Provenzale, A. Chiarucci, Uniqueness of Protected Areas for Conservation Strategies in the European Union, Scientific Reports, 8:6445 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-24390-3 (2018)


M. Beniston et al. The European mountain cryosphere: A review of its current state, trends and future challenges. The Cryosphere, 12, 759-794, (2018)


A. Provenzale, S. Nativi, Comprehensive and Coordinated Approach of GEOSS to Ecosystem Challenges. In Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Infrastructures - Challenges and Opportunities, A. Chabbi and H.W. Loescher Editors, Taylor and Francis (2017)


C. Hummel, A. Provenzale and others, Ecosystem services in European protected areas: Ambiguity in the views of scientists and managers? PLOS ONE, (2017)


S. Terzago, J. von Hardenberg, E. Palazzi, A. Provenzale, Snow water equivalent in the Alps as seen by gridded data sets, CMIP5 and CORDEX climate models. The Cryosphere, 11, 1625-1645 (2017)


D.H.S. Irl, A.H. Schweiger, F.M. Medina, J.M. Fernández-Palacios, D.E.V. Harter, A. Jentsch, A. Provenzale, M.J. Steinbauer, C. Beierkuhnlein, An island view of endemic rarity - Environmental drivers and consequences for nature conservation. Diversity and Distributions, DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12605 (2017)


G. Leonelli, A. Coppola, M.C. Salvatore, C. Baroni, G. Battipaglia, T. Gentilesca, F. Ripullone, M. Borghetti, E. Conte, R. Tognetti, M. Marchetti, F. Lombardi, M. Brunetti, M. Maugeri, M. Pelfini, P. Cherubini, A. Provenzale, V. Maggi, Climate signals in a multispecies tree-ring network from central and southern Italy and reconstruction of the late summer temperatures since the early 1700s. Clim. Past, 13, 1451–1471 (2017)


L. Silva, G. Vladilo, G. Murante, A. Provenzale, Quantitative estimates of the surface habitability of Kepler-452b. MNRAS, (2017)


M. Turco, J. von Hardenberg, A. AghaKouchak, M.-C. Llasat, A.  Provenzale,  R.M. Trigo, On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe. Scientific Reports  7: 81 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-00116-9 (2017)


L. Silva, G. Vladilo, P.M. Schulte, G. Murante, A. Provenzale. From climate models to planetary habitability: temperature constraints for complex life. International Journal of Astrobiology, doi:10.1017/S1473550416000215 (2016)


D. Lacitignola, F. Diele, C. Marangi, A. Provenzale. On the dynamics of a generalized predator-prey system with Z-type control. Mathematical Biosciences, in press (2016)


A.B. Pieri, F. Falasca, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Plume dynamics in rotating RayleighBénard convection. Physics Letters A, 380, 1363-1367 (2016)


F. Viterbo, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, L. Molini, A. Parodi, O.O. Sy, S. Tanelli. High-Resolution Simulations of the 2010 Pakistan Flood Event: Sensitivity to Parameterizations and Initialization Time. J. Hydrometeorology, 17, DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-15-0098.1 (2016)


M. Turco, J. Bedia, F. Di Liberto, P. Fiorucci, J. von Hardenberg, N. Koutsias, M.C. Llasat, F. Xystrakis, A. Provenzale. Decreasing Fires in Mediterranean Europe. PLOS ONE 11, e0150663. doi:10.1371/journalpone.0150663 (2016)


F. Bisi, J. von Hardenberg, S. Bertolino, L.A. Wauters, S. Imperio, D.G. Preatoni, A. Provenzale, M.V. Mazzamuto, A. Martinoli, Current and future conifer seed production in the Alps: testing weather factors as cues behind masting. Eur. J. Forest Res. 135, 743-754 (2016)


J. von Hardenberg, D. Goluskin, A. Provenzale, E.A Spiegel. Generation of Large-Scale Winds in Horizontally Anisotropic Convection. Physical Review Letters, 115, 134501 (2015)


A. Pieri, J. von Hardenberg, A. Parodi, A. Provenzale. Sensitivity of Precipitation Statistics to Resolution, Microphysics, and Convective Parameterization: A Case Study with the High-Resolution WRF Climate Model over Europe. J. Hydrometeorology, 16, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-14-0221.1 (2015)


E. Palazzi, A. Provenzale. Water in the Climate System, in The Fluid Dynamics of Climate, A. Provenzale, E. Palazzi and K. Fraedrich Eds., Springer, CISM Series (2015), pp. 161-182


M. Turco, E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Observed Climate Change Hotspots. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL063891 (2015)


R. Marcos, M. Turco, J. Bedia, M.C. Llasat, A. Provenzale. Seasonal predictability of summer fires in a Mediterranean environment. International Journal of Wildland Fire, (2015)


D. D'Onofrio, M. Baudena, F. D'Andrea, M. Rietkerk, A. Provenzale. Tree-grass competition for soil water in arid and semiarid savannas: The role of rainfall intermittency. Water Resources Research, 51, doi:10.1002/2014WR015515 (2015)


G. Vladilo, L. Silva, G. Murante, L. Filippi, A. Provenzale. Modeling The Surface Temperature Of Earth-Like Planets. The Astrophysical Journal, 804, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/1/50 (2015)


P. Davini, J. von Hardenberg, L. Filippi, A. Provenzale. Impact of Greenland Orography on the Atlantic Meridional Overturnic Circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/2014GL062668 (2015)


L. Filippi, E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Multi-decadal variations in the relationship between NAO and winter precipitation in the Hindu-Kush Karakoram. Journal of Climate, 27, 7890-7902 (2014)


E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, S. Terzago, A. Provenzale. Precipitation in the Karakoram-Himalaya: a CMIP5 view. Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2341-z (2014)


S. Terzago, J. von Hardenberg, E. Palazzi, A. Provenzale. Snowpack changes in the Hindu-Kush Karakoram Himalaya from CMIP5 Global Climate Models. Journal of Hydrometeorology, doi: (2014)


M. Turco , M.C. Llasat, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Climate change impacts on wild fires in a Mediterranean environment. Climatic Change, 125, 369-380 (2014)


D. D Onofrio, E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, S. Calmanti. Stochastic Rainfall Downscaling of Climate Models. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 830-843 (2014)


A. Provenzale, Climate Models. Rend. Fis. Accademia Lincei, doi:10.1007/s12210-013-0268-7 (2013)


S. Imperio, R. Bionda, R. Viterbi, A. Provenzale. Climate Change and Human Disturbance Can Lead to Local Extinction of Alpine Rock Ptarmigan: New Insight from the Western Italian Alps. PLOS ONE, 8, e81598. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081598 (2013)


M. Rinaldi, S. Fuzzi, S. Decesari, S. Marullo, R. Santoleri, A. Provenzale, J. von Hardenberg, D. Ceburnis, C.D. O’Dowd, and M.C. Facchini. Is Chlorophyll-a the Best Surrogate for Organic Matter Enrichment in Submicron Primary Marine Aerosol?  

J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 118, 4964-4973, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50417 (2013)


G. Vladilo, G. Murante, L. Silva, A. Provenzale, G. Ferri, G. Ragazzini. The habitable zone of Earth-like planets with different levels of atmospheric pressure. The Astrophysical Journal, 767, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/767/1/65 (2013)


M. Turco, M.C. Llasat, A. Tudela, X. Castro, A. Provenzale. Decreasing fires in a Mediterranean region (1970–2010, NE Spain). Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 13, 649-652 (2013)


R. Bonanno, C. Ronchi, B. Cagnazzi, A. Provenzale. Glacier response to current climate change and future scenarios

in the northwestern Italian Alps. Regional Environm. Change, DOI 10.1007/s10113-013-0523-6 (2013)


R. Tiberti, S. Metta, M. Austoni, C. Callieri, G. Morabito, A. Marchetto, M. Rogora, G.A. Tartari, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale

Ecological dynamics of two remote Alpine lakes during ice-free season. J. Limnology, 72, 401-416 (2013)


F. Cresto Aleina, M. Baudena, F. D Andrea, A. Provenzale. Multiple equilibria on planet Dune:Climate-vegetation dynamics on a sandy planet. Tellus B, 65, 17662, (2013)


E. Palazzi, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Precipitation in the Hindu-Kush Karakoram Himalaya: observations and future scenarios. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 18, doi:10.1029/2012JD018697 (2013)


M. Baudena, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Vegetation patterns and soil-atmosphere water fluxes in drylands. Advances Water Resources, 53, 131-138 (2013)


R. Viterbi, C. Cerrato, B. Bassano, R. Bionda, A. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, G. Bogliani. Patterns of biodiversity in the northwestern Italian Alps: a multi-taxa approach. Community Ecology, 14, 18-30 (2013)


R. Sciascia, S. Demonte, A. Provenzale. Physics of sinking and selection of plankton cell size. Physics Letters A, 377, 467-472 (2013)


U. Magnea, R. Sciascia, F. Paparella, R. Tiberti, A. Provenzale. A model for high-altitude alpine lake ecosystems and the effect of introduced fish. Ecological Modelling, 251, 211-220 (2013)


M. Turco, M. Carmen Llasat, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Impact of climate variability on summer fires in a Mediterranean environment (northeastern Iberian peninsula). Climatic Change, 116, 665-678 (2013)


A. Mignatti, R. Casagrandi, A. von Hardenberg, M. Gatto, A. Provenzale. Sex- and age-structured models for Alpine ibex Capra ibex ibex population dynamics. Wildlife Biology, 18, 318-332 (2012)


S. Imperio, S. Focardi, G. Santini, A. Provenzale. Population dynamics in a guild of four Mediterranean ungulates: density-dependence, environmental effects and inter-specific interactions. Oikos, 121, 1613-1626 (2012)


J. von Hardenberg, L. Vozella, C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, M. Mazzola, TPC van Noije, A. Strunk, A. Provenzale. Aerosol optical depth over the Arctic: a comparison of ECHAM-HAM and TM5 with ground-based, satellite and reanalysis data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 6953-6967 (2012)


M. Baudena, I. Bevilacqua, D. Canone, S. Ferraris, M. Previati, A. Provenzale. Soil water dynamics at a midlatitude test site: Field measurements and box modeling approaches. J. Hydrology, 414, 329-340 (2012)


M. Berlengiero, KA Emanuel, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, EA Spiegel. Internally cooled convection: A fillip for Philip. Comm. Nonlin. Sci. Numerical Sim., 17, 1998-2007 (2012)


E. Casella, A. Molcard, A. Provenzale. Mesoscale vortices in the Ligurian Sea and their effect on coastal upwelling processes. J. Marine Systems, 88, 12-19 (2011)


M. Rietkerk, V. Brovkin, PM van Bodegom, M. Claussen, SC Dekker, HA Dikstra, SV Goryachkin, P. Kabat, EH van Nes, AM Neutel, SE Nicholson, C. Nobre, V. Petoukhov, A. Provenzale, M. Scheffer, SI Seneviratne. Local ecosystem feedbacks and critical transitions in the climate. Ecological Complexity, 8, 223-228 (2011)


N. Saino, R. Ambrosini, D. Rubolini, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, K. Huppop, O. Huppop, A. Lehikoinen, K. Rainio, M. Romano, L. Sokolov. Climate warming, ecological mismatch at arrival and population decline in migratory birds. Proceedings of the Royal Soc. B: Biological Sciences, 278, 835-842 (2011)


N. Saino, D. Rubolini, J. von Hardenberg, R. Ambrosini, A. Provenzale, M. Romano, F. Spina. Spring migration decisions in relation to weather are predicted by wing morphology among trans-Mediterranean migratory birds,  Functional Ecology, 24, 658-669 (2010)


M. Baudena, F. D’Andrea, A. Provenzale. An idealized model for tree-grass coexistence in savannas: the role of life stage structure and fire disturbances. Journal of Ecology, 98, 74-80 (2010)


S. Metta, A. Provenzale, E.A Spiegel. On-off intermittency and coherent bursting in stochastically-driven coupled maps. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 43, 8-14 (2010)


L. Zavala Sanson, A. Provenzale. The effects of abrupt topography on plankton dynamics, Theoretical Population Dynamics, 76, 258-267 (2009)


S. Metta, J. von Hardenberg, L. Ferraris, N. Rebora, A. Provenzale. Precipitation Nowcasting by a Spectral-based Nonlinear Stochastic Model. J. Hydrometeorology, 10, 1285-1297 (2009)


I.Koszalka, A. Bracco, J.C. McWilliams, A Provenzale. Dynamics of wind-forced coherent anticyclones in the open ocean. J. Geophysical Research - Oceans, 114, C08011 (2009)


M. Baudena, F. D Andrea, A. Provenzale. A model for soil-vegetation-atmosphere interactions in water-limited ecosystems. Water Resources Research, 45, W02701 (2009)


A.Y. Kletter, J. von Hardenberg, E. Meron, A. Provenzale. Patterned vegetation and rainfall intermittency. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 256, 574-583 (2009)


M. Baudena, A. Provenzale. Rainfall intermittency and vegetation feedbacks in drylands. Hydrology and Earth System Sci., 12, 679-689 (2008)


N.J. Balmforth, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, R. Zammett. Dam breaking by wave-induced erosional incision. J. Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 113, F01020 (2008)


J. von Hardenberg, A.Parodi, G. Passoni, A. Provenzale, E.A Spiegel. Large-scale patterns in Rayleigh-Benard convection. Physics Letters A, 372, 2223-2229 (2008)


E. Brussolo, J. von Hardenberg, L. Ferraris, N. Rebora, A. Provenzale. Verification of quantitative precipitation forecasts via stochastic downscaling. J. Hydrometeorology, 9, 1084-1094 (2008)


N. Ciccarelli, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, C. Ronchi, A. Vargiu, R. Pelosini. Climate variability in north-western Italy during the second half of the 20th century. Global and Planetary Change, 63, 185-195 (2008)


A. Provenzale, A. Babiano, A. Bracco, C. Pasquero, J.B. Weiss. Coherent vortices and tracer transport, in Transport and Mixing in Geophysical Flows, J.B. Weiss and A. Provenzale Eds., Springer, Berlin (2008)


A. Babiano, A. Provenzale. Coherent vortices and tracer cascades in two-dimensional turbulence. J. Fluid Mechanics, 574, 429-448 (2007)


M. Baudena, G. Boni, L. Ferraris, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Vegetation response to rainfall intermittency in drylands: Results from a simple ecohydrological box model. Advances in Water Resources, 30, 1320-1328 (2007)


S. Gabellani, G. Boni, L. Ferraris, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Propagation of uncertainty from rainfall to runoff: A case study with a stochastic rainfall generator. Advances in Water Resources, 30, 2061-2071 (2007)


E. Gilad, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, M. Shachak, E. Meron. A mathematical model of plants as ecosystem engineers. J. Theoretical Biology, 244, 680-691 (2007)


E. Meron, E. Gilad, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, M. Shachak. Model studies of ecosystem engineers in plant communities, in Ecosystem Engineers: Plants to Protists, K. Cuddington, J.E. Byers, W.G. Wilson and A. Hastings Eds., Academic Press, Amsterdam (2007)


J. von Hardenberg, L. Ferraris, N. Rebora, A. Provenzale. Meteorological uncertainty and rainfall downscaling. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 14, 193-199 (2007)


I. Koszalka, A. Bracco, C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale. Plankton cycles disguised by turbulent advection. Theoretical Population Biology, 72, 1-6 (2007)


S. Calmanti, L. Motta, M. Turco, A. Provenzale. Impact of climate variability on Alpine glaciers in northwestern Italy. International J. Climatology, 27, 2041-2053 (2007)


F. D Andrea, A. Provenzale, R. Vautard, N. de Noblet-Decoudre. Hot and cool summers: Multiple equilibria of the continental water cycle. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L24807 (2006)


N. Rebora, L. Ferraris, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. RainFARM: Rainfall downscaling by a filtered autoregressive model. J. Hydrometeorology, 7, 724-738 (2006)


N. Rebora, L. Ferraris, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Rainfall downscaling and flood forecasting: a case study in the Mediterranean area. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sci., 6, 611-619 (2006)


D. Elhmaidi, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Large-scale dissipation and filament instability in two-dimensional turbulence. Physical Review Letters, 95, 014503 (2005)


C. Pasquero, A. Bracco, A. Provenzale. Impact of the spatiotemporal variability of the nutrient flux on primary productivity in the ocean. J. Geophysical Research, 110, C07005 (2005)


A. Bracco, J. von Hardenberg, J.C. McWilliams, A. Provenzale, J.B. Weiss. Dispersion and mixing in quasigeostrophic turbulence. Physical Review Letters, 92, 084501 (2004)


A. Parodi, J. von Hardenberg, G. Passoni, A. Provenzale, E.A. Spiegel. Clustering of plumes in turbulent convection. Physical Review Letters, 92, 194503 (2004)


A.R. Jacobson, A. Provenzale, A. von Hardenberg, B. Bassano, M. Festa-Bianchet. Climate forcing and density dependence in a mountain ungulate population. Ecology, 85, 1598-1610 (2004)


H. Yizhaq, N.J. Balmforth, A. Provenzale. Blown by wind: Nonlinear dynamics of aeolian sand ripples. Physica D, 195, 207-228 (2004)


E. Gilad, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale, M. Shachak, E. Meron. Ecosystem engineers: From pattern formation to habitat creation. Physical Review Letters, 93, 098105 (2004)


D. Elhmaidi, T. Lili, A. Provenzale, A. Babiano. Stability of two-dimensional vorticity filaments. Physics Letters A, 333,  85-90 (2004)


A. Bracco, E.P. Chassignet, Z.D. Garraffo, A. Provenzale. Lagrangian velocity distribution in a high-resolution numerical simulation of the North Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 20, 1212-1220 (2003)


A. Parodi, K.A. Emanuel, A. Provenzale. Plume patterns in radiative-convective flows. New Journal of Physics 5, 106.1-106.17 (2003)


C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale, E.A. Spiegel. Suspension and fall of heavy particles in random two-dimensional flow. Physical Review Letters  91, 054502 (2003)


L. Ferraris, S. Gabellani, U. Parodi, N. Rebora, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Revisting multifractality in rainfall fields. Journal of Hydrometeorology 4, 544-551 (2003)


L. Ferraris, S. Gabellani, N. Rebora, A. Provenzale. A comparison of stochastic models for spatial rainfall downscaling. Water Resources Research, 39, 10.1029/2003WR002504 (2003)


J. von Hardenberg, L. Ferraris, A. Provenzale. The shape of convective rain cells. Geophysical Research Letters, 30, 10.1029/2003GL018539 (2003)


C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale, J.B. Weiss. Vortex statistics from Eulerian and Lagrangian time series. Physical Review Letters 89, 284501 (2002)


A.P. Martin, K.J. Richards, A. Bracco, A. Provenzale. Patchy productivity in the open ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16, 1025 (2002)


M. Baer, J. von Hardenberg, E. Meron, A. Provenzale. Modelling the survival of bacteria in drylands: The advantage of being dormant

Proceedings of the Royal Society B 269, 937-942 (2002)


C. Toniolo, A. Provenzale, E.A. Spiegel. Signature of on-off intermittency in measured signals. Physical Review E 66, 066209 (2002)


D. Anfossi, C. Cappa, J. von Hardenberg, A. Provenzale. Statistical analysis of three series of daily rainfall in North-Western Italy. Nuovo Cimento  25 C,  99-121 (2002)


N.J. Balmforth, A. Provenzale, R. Sassi. A hierarchy of coupled maps. CHAOS  12, 719-731 (2002)


A. Longhetto, L. Montabone, A. Provenzale, H. Didelle, C. Giraud, D. Bertoni, R. Forza, Coherent vortices in rotating flows: A laboratory view. Nuovo Cimento 25 C, 233-249 (2002)


C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale, A. Babiano. Parameterization of dispersion in two-dimensional turbulence. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 439, 279-303 (2001)


N.J. Balmforth, A. Provenzale, J.A. Whitehead, The language of pattern and form, in Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, edited by N.J.Balmforth and A. Provenzale. Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, Berlin, 2001)


N.J. Balmforth, A. Provenzale, Patterns of dirt, in Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, edited by N.J.Balmforth and A. Provenzale,

Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, Berlin, 2001)


A. Babiano, J.H.E. Cartwright, O. Piro, A. Provenzale. Dynamics of a small neutrally buoyant sphere in a fluid and targeting in Hamiltonian systems, Physical Review Letters  84, 5764-5767 (2000)


A. Bracco, A. Provenzale, I. Scheuring. Mesoscale vortices and the paradox of the plankton. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 267, 1795-1800 (2000)


J. von Hardenberg, J.C. McWilliams, A. Provenzale, A. Shchepetkin, J.B. Weiss. Vortex merging in quasi-geostrophic flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 412, 331-353 (2000)


A. Bracco, J. LaCasce, C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale. The velocity distribution of barotropic turbulence. Physics of Fluids 12, 2478-2488 (2000)


A. Bracco, J.C. McWilliams, G. Murante, A. Provenzale, J.B. Weiss. Revisiting freely-decaying two-dimensional turbulence at millennial resolution. Physics of Fluids 12, 2931-2941 (2000)


A. Bracco, J. LaCasce, A. Provenzale. Velocity probability density functions for oceanic floats. Journal of Physical Oceanography 30, 461 (2000)


J. von Hardenberg, K. Fraedrich, F. Lunkeit, A. Provenzale. Transient chaotic mixing during a baroclinic life cycle. CHAOS 10, 122-134 (2000)


J. von Hardenberg, R. Thieberger, A. Provenzale. A box-counting red herring. Physics Letters A 269, 303-308 (2000)


N.J. Balmforth, C. Pasquero, A. Provenzale. The Lorenz-Fermi-Pasta-Ulam experiment. Physica  D 138, 1-43 (2000)